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Yoga ( audio speaker iconlisten ); Sanskrit: योग, lit. ’yoke’ or ‘union’ pronounced is a group of physicl mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient india and aim to control (yoke) and still the mind recognizing a detached witness -consciousness untouched by the mind (Citta) and mundane suffering (Duhkha.) There is a wide variety of schools of yoga, practices, and goals in
Hinduism Buddism and Jainism and traditional and modern yoga is practiced worldwide.

Two general theories exist on the origins of yoga. The linear model holds that yoga has Aryan origins, as reflected in the vedic textual corpus and influenced Buddhism; according to author Edward Fitzpatrick Crangle, this model is mainly supported by Hindu scholars. According to the synthesis model, yoga is a synthesis of indigenous, non-Aryan practices and Aryan elements; this model is favoured in Western scholarship.

Yoga is first mentioned in the Rigveda and is referred to in a number of the Upanishads The first known appearance of the word “yoga” with the same meaning as the modern term is in the katha Upanishad which was probably composed between the fifth and third centuries BCE.Yoga continued to develop as a systematic study and practice during the fifth and sixth centuries BCE in ancient India’s ascetic and Sramana movements. The most comprehensive text on Yoga, the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali ate to the early centuries of the Common Era: [note 1 ]Yoga philosophy became known as one of the six orthodox philosopkical schools of Hinduism in the second half of the first millennium CE.[web 1] Hatha yoga texts began to emerge between the ninth and 11th centuries, originating in tantra

The term “yoga” in the Western world often denotes a modern form of hatha yoga and a posture -based physical fitness stress- relief and relaxation technique consisting largely of the asanas this differs from traditional yoga, which focuses on meditation and release from worldly attachments. It was introduced by gurus form India after the success of Swami Vivekananda s adaptation of yoga without asanas in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.Vivekananda introduced the Yoga Sutras to the West, and they became prominent after the 20th-century success of hatha yoga.

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